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达累萨达姆战略框架
Dar es Salam, Tanzania

为东非发展最快的城市建立新交通网络的战略方针

宝麦蓝领导了一个国际顾问团队,为达累斯萨拉姆长达137公里的巴士快速公交(BRT)网络走廊制定战略框架。

由世界银行和北欧发展基金赞助的综合交通和发展战略旨在改变快速发展的城市的形态,重点关注在2016年开通的长达21公里的第一阶段快速公交线路。它将着眼于如何最好地协调土地利用及开发与运输路线,因此其积极影响可以帮助更广泛的城市,显示投资如何提升土地价值,创造就业机会并提高在达累斯萨拉姆工作的人们的生活水平。



Dar es Salaam is facing major population growth with forecast of a metropolitan population of over 13 million by 2030 causing significant strain on the urban infrastructure. The new rapid transport system already enables thousands of the city’s inhabitants to reduce three-hours of travel into the city, down to just 45 minutes by BRT.

Our study evaluates the opportunities around the new transport corridor with a view to its expansion in the future.

The integrated transport and development strategy aims to change the shape of the rapidly expanding city of Dar es Salaam, focusing on the 21km-long phase one BRT transit corridor which opened in 2016.

The strategy builds on the success of the BRT’s journey time improvements to stimulate a substantial and thriving new connected redevelopment, attracting new inward investment, creating jobs and helping to improve living standards and related city infrastructure. Once completed, this framework will become a prototype approach for all future six phases of the BRT network.

Central to the project is the concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) that seeks to establish higher-density, mixed-use development around transit nodes with a walkable and pedestrian-centred environment, encouraging soft mobility and public transit use and discouraging car use, thereby actively reducing carbon emissions.

A critical aspect of the project was stakeholder and community engagement. A range of activities including focus groups, public exhibitions and an active Facebook page were established, designed to reach a wide audience and to gain increased levels of feedback. Interactive workshops proved successful using ‘learning through play’ techniques such as role play and model building to communicate key messages.

To ensure the project properly understands the city’s issues and priorities, the project has taken an innovative approach to collecting and analysing data. Land use and transport models based on a series of data-rich base maps in Geographic Information System (GIS) were developed which were used for testing different transport movement and real estate development scenarios.

A critical aspect of the project was stakeholder and community engagement. A range of activities including focus groups, public exhibitions and an active Facebook page were established, designed to reach a wide audience and to gain increased levels of feedback. Interactive workshops proved successful using ‘learning through play’ techniques such as role play and model building to communicate key messages.

To ensure the project properly understands the city’s issues and priorities, the project has taken an innovative approach to collecting and analysing data. Land use and transport models based on a series of data-rich base maps in Geographic Information System (GIS) were developed which were used for testing different transport movement and real estate development scenarios.

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